The Power of Quantum Computing
Revolutionary. When people hear that word they think of something that strongly impacts one particular category of things. But what if there was one device that could single handedly transform almost every aspect of life? That is where quantum computers come in.
Quantum computers are computers that differ from generic windows and mac computers and can solve immensely complex mathematical problems and optimization problems which traditional computers cannot.
Theory of Quantum Computing
Before quantum computers were created, the whole idea of quantum computing was just a sheer theory. This idea of quantum computing was built off of the quantum mechanics theories of superposition, the ability of a quantum system to exist in multiple states concurrently, and entanglement, the immensely strong correlation between quantum particles.
How are quantum computers different from normal computers?
Quantum computers differ in the way that they operate. While normal computers store information in regular bits (0s and 1s), quantum computers store information in qubits (Quantum bits), which allow information to be saved in 0s, 1s, or both simultaneously. This is where the theory of superposition comes in, as it allows the qubit to hold a 0 and a 1 at the same time. As a result, a qubit can hold more information than the regular bits in traditional computers.
Furthermore, unlike normal windows or mac computers, quantum computers do not have a user interface the user interacts with. Rather, the data is inputted into the computer and the computer solves it.
Quantum computers also differ completely in the types of problems they solve. Quantum computers are able to solve complex mathematical problems that traditional computers are not powerful enough to, as well as machine learning and artificial intelligence problems.
Real World Applications
Quantum computers sound cool but what are they used for? Quantum computers have a wide range of applications from object detection all the way to protein folding. For object detection, a binary classification algorithm was created, allowing the quantum computer to detect a specific object in an image. Moreover, quantum computers can be used to compute the different combinations of proteins which is highly beneficial to the science industry. Quantum computers overall provide a whole new platform for solving complex real world problems.
NASA is also utilizing a quantum computer, created by D-Wave Systems, to research quantum algorithms and quantum computers which in the near future can be used to solve difficult optimization problems that would take traditional computers an eternity to solve.
In the near future, quantum computers will become even more powerful and applicable to many problems in the modern world.
The uprising of quantum computers brings along with it the power to impact society for a long time. Harnessing the power of quantum physics, quantum computers have the power to soon even possibly make military grade supercomputers obsolete for advanced problem solving.
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